Botswana, also known as the Republic of Botswana, is located in southern Africa. The country’s capital city is Gaborone, its official languages are English and Tswana and just over 2 million people live in Botswana. The country’s economy is enjoying substantial growth as a result of its mining industry. Botswana exports diamonds, metals, and minerals and produces more diamonds by value than any other country in the world. The country is responsible for roughly one quarter of worldwide diamond production – that’s about 6,000kg (30 million carats). The currency used in this country is the Pula (BWP).